If your boat capsizes and you are more than 100m from shore, don’t try to swim to shore!
Waves can be a major factor in capsizing, especially if they are unexpected. Anticipate all waves and aim the bow into them. On approaching waves you should reduce your speed and approach the wave at a 45 degree angle allowing the boat to ease up and over the wave rather than smashing head on. Never travell parallel to the wave as you risk capsizing the craft.
If your engine dies and you start drifting toward rocky shore... would you know what to do? Here’s the best course of action:
The operator should service and maintain the pleasure craft and its equipment on a regular basis to make sure that they work properly at all times, thus reducing the probability of breakdowns.
As soon as someone notices that a person has fallen overboard, that person must:
To ensure the safety of the pleasure craft’s passengers, it is important to inform each passenger of where the safety equipment is stored onboard, each one’s task during an emergency and the movement of the pleasure craft. Furthermore, it is important to practice the safety procedures, so that the passengers may become familiar with them. In the case of a real emergency their chances of survival will increase dramatically.
First, find the source of leak in the hull or of the flooding. Is there a breach in the hull such as in the water cooling system? Is an underwater device such as the engine’s water cooling system defective? Is the rear bailer of the pleasure craft properly closed? Once you have discovered where the water is entering the vessel, stop the leak or the source of flooding if possible.
If there is a breach in the hull below the waterline, use any type of plug (a piece of wood cloth) in order to close the hole. If it is a crack caused by hitting or rubbing up against rock, you can use an epoxy that hardens ou catalyses underwater. If the hole is on the water line, you must heel (incline the boat) the pleasure craft in order to get the crack out of the water. When the water leak has been sealed, bail the accumulated water from the hold or other compartments of the pleasure craft by using hand-held bailers, manual pumps or bilge pumps. Use or show distress signals to signal that you are in need of assistance. If necessary, use channel 16 with a «MAY DAY» signal and/our use pyrotechnic signals. The pleasure craft operator must always have on board a hull repair kit and tools. A temporary repair will ensure sufficient time in order to get back to shore and; and thus, stop any excess flooding.
If you end up in the water, do everything you can to conserve energy and body heat. Swim only if you can join others or reach a safe haven. Do not swim to keep warm. Extend your survival time by:
Other equipments that come in a variety of styles and names, and provide additional protection from hypothermia include: