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Human-powered pleasure craft (Canoes, kayaks, rowboats and rowing shells)


One approved Personal Flotation Device

of appropriate size for each person on board

Note: A personal flotation device or lifejacket kept on board a human-powered pleasure craft, operated in whitewater must be inherently buoyant.

One buoyant heaving line

at least 15m (49’3”) long

One reboarding device

Note: A reboarding device is only required if the vertical height that must be climbed to reboard the pleasure craft from the water is over 0.5 m (1’8”). 

One bailer or manual bilge pump or bilge-pumping equipment 

Note: A bailer or manual bilge pump is not required for a pleasure craft that will not hold enough water to make it capsize, or a pleasure craft that has watertight compartments that are sealed and not readily accessible.

One sound-signalling appliance or sound-signalling device

that meets the applicable standards set out in the Collision Regulations 

Navigation lights

for human-powered pleasure craft that meet the requirements set out in the Collision Regulations


  1. Navigation lights are only required if the pleasure craft is operated after sunset, before sunrise, or in periods of restricted visibility (fog, falling snow, etc.).

  2. For a human-powered vessel, this requirement can be met with a watertight flashlight.

One magnetic compass

Note: A magnetic compass is not required if the pleasure craft is 8 m (26’3”) or less and is operated within sight of seamarks (navigation marks).

One radar reflector 

is required under certain conditions

If the human-powered pleasure craft is more than 6 m long, you must add: 

One watertight flashlight

Six pyrotechnic distress signals, not more than two of which are smoke signals


At least three pyrotechnic distress signals, not more than one of which is a smoke signal,

if there is also a means of two way electronic communications on board (i.e., cell phones, satellite phones, VHF, 406 MHz personal locater beacons, or EPIRB).

Note: Flares are not required for a pleasure craft that:

  • is operating on a river, canal or lake in which it can never be more than one (1) nautical mile (1.852 km) from shore; or
  • has no sleeping quarters and is engaged in an official competition, or in final preparation for an official competition.

What exactly must be carried depends on the type and size of boat

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