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Human-powered pleasure craft (Canoes, kayaks, rowboats and rowing shells)


Personal Lifesaving Appliances 

1. One (1) Canadian-approved personal floatation device or lifejacket of appropriate size for each person on board

Note: A personal floatation device or lifejacket kept on board a human-powered pleasure craft, operated in whitewater must be inherently buoyant.

2. One (1) buoyant heaving line at least 15m (49’3”) long

3. One (1) reboarding device

Note: A reboarding device is only required if the vertical height that must be climbed to reboard the pleasure craft from the water is over 0.5 m (1’8”). 

Visual Signals

Only required if the pleasure craft is more than 6 m long.

4. One (1) watertight flashlight

5. Six (6) Canadian-approved flares of Type A (Rocket Parachute), B (Multi-Star) or C (Hand)

Note: Flares are not required for a pleasure craft that:

  • is operating on a river, canal or lake in which it can never be more than one (1) nautical mile (1.852 km) from shore; or
  • has no sleeping quarters and is engaged in an official competition, or in final preparation for an official competition.

Vessel Safety Equipment

6. One (1) bailer or manual bilge pump


Bilge-pumping equipment.

Note: A bailer or manual bilge pump is not required for a pleasure craft that will not hold enough water to make it capsize, or a pleasure craft that has watertight compartments that are sealed and not readily accessible.

Navigation equipment

7. One (1) sound-signalling appliance that meets the applicable standards set out in the Collision Regulations 


sound-signalling device

8. Navigation lights for human-powered pleasure craft that meet the requirements set out in the Collision Regulations


  1. Navigation lights are only required if the pleasure craft is operated after sunset, before sunrise, or in periods of restricted visibility (fog, falling snow, etc.).

  2. For a human-powered vessel, this requirement can be met with a watertight flashlight.

9. One (1) magnetic compass

Note: A magnetic compass is not required if the pleasure craft is 8 m (26’3”) or less and is operated within sight of seamarks (navigation marks).

10. One (1) radar reflector is required under certain conditions

What exactly must be carried depends on the type and size of boat