Required safety equipment for canoes, kayaks, rowboats and rowing shells.

Canoe

One approved Personal Flotation Device

of appropriate size for each person on board

Note: A personal flotation device or lifejacket kept on board a human-powered pleasure craft, operated in whitewater must be inherently buoyant.

PFD

One buoyant heaving line

at least 15m (49’3”) long

Buoyant heaving line

One reboarding device

Note: A reboarding device is only required if the vertical height that must be climbed to reboard the pleasure craft from the water is over 0.5 m (1’8”). 

Reboarding device

One bailer or manual bilge pump or bilge-pumping equipment 

Note: A bailer or manual bilge pump is not required for a pleasure craft that will not hold enough water to make it capsize, or a pleasure craft that has watertight compartments that are sealed and not readily accessible.

Bilge pump

One sound-signalling appliance or sound-signalling device

that meets the applicable standards set out in the Collision Regulations 

Sound signaling devices

Navigation lights

for human-powered pleasure craft that meet the requirements set out in the Collision Regulations

Note:

  1. Navigation lights are only required if the pleasure craft is operated after sunset, before sunrise, or in periods of restricted visibility (fog, falling snow, etc.).

  2. For a human-powered vessel, this requirement can be met with a watertight flashlight.

Navigation lights

One magnetic compass

Note: A magnetic compass is not required if the pleasure craft is 8 m (26’3”) or less and is operated within sight of seamarks (navigation marks).

Magnetic compass

One radar reflector 

is required under certain conditions

If the human-powered pleasure craft is more than 6 m long, you must add: 

One watertight flashlight

Six pyrotechnic distress signals, not more than two of which are smoke signals

OR

At least three pyrotechnic distress signals, not more than one of which is a smoke signal,

if there is also a means of two way electronic communications on board (i.e., cell phones, satellite phones, VHF, 406 MHz personal locater beacons, or EPIRB).

Note: Flares are not required for a pleasure craft that:

  • is operating on a river, canal or lake in which it can never be more than one (1) nautical mile (1.852 km) from shore; or

  • has no sleeping quarters and is engaged in an official competition, or in final preparation for an official competition.

Radar reflector